Depok Photo ServicesIt is predicted to reach 35.6 million people by 2030 to become the world's biggest megacity. Moreover, Jakarta is sinking about 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 inches) each year, and up to 20 centimetres (7.9 inches) in the northern coastal areas. After a feasibility study, a ring dyke is under construction around Jakarta Bay to help cope with the threat from the sea. The dyke will be equipped with a pumping system and retention areas to defend against seawater and function as a toll road.
By 1930, Batavia had more than 500,000 inhabitants, including 37,067 Europeans. Commercial opportunities in the city attracted native and especially Serviamo Fotografi Chinese and Arab immigrants. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations.
Jakarta is the headquarters for Indonesia's public television TVRI as well as private national television networks, such as Metro TV, tvOne, Kompas TV, RCTI and NET. Jakarta has local television channels such as TVRI Jakarta, Jak TV, Elshinta TV and KTV. The city is home to the country's leading pay television service. Cable channels available includes First Media and TelkomVision. Satellite television has yet to gain mass acceptance in Jakarta.
Situ Lembang Park is also located nearby, which has a lake at the centre. Taman Suropati was known as Burgemeester Bisschopplein during the colonial time. The park is circular-shaped with a surface area of 16,322 square metres . Several modern statues were made for the park by artists of ASEAN countries, which contributes to its nickname Taman persahabatan seniman ASEAN ('Park of the ASEAN artists friendship'). Merdeka Square is an almost 1 km2 field housing the symbol of Jakarta, Monas or Monumen Nasional . The square was created by Dutch Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels and was originally named Koningsplein (King's Square).
Setu Babakan is a 32-hectare lake surrounded by Betawi cultural village, located at Jagakarsa, South Jakarta. It is the world's third-oldest zoo and is the second-largest with the most diverse animal and plant populations. Kalijodo Park is the newest park, in Penjaringan subdistrict, with 3.4 hectares (8.4 acres) beside the Krendang River. The park is open 24 hours as green open space and child-friendly integrated public space and has international-standard skateboard facilities. Menteng Park was built on the site of the former Persija football stadium.
For example, traditional Padang restaurants and low-budget Warteg food-stalls are ubiquitous in the capital. Other popular street foods include nasi goreng , sate , pecel lele , bakso , bakpau and siomay . Art Jakarta is a contemporary art fair, which is held annually.
As of 2018, Jakarta contributes about 17% of Indonesia's GRDP . Throughout the same year, the total value of investment was Rp 108.6 trillion (US$8 billion), an increase of 84.7% from the previous year. In 2015, GDP per capita was estimated at Rp 194.87 million (US$14,570). The most significant contributions to GRDP were by finance, ownership and business services (29%); trade, hotel and restaurant sector (20%), and manufacturing industry sector (16%). In 2007, the increase in per capita GRDP of Jakarta inhabitants was 11.6% compared to the previous year. Both GRDP by at current market price and GRDP by at 2000 constant price in 2007 for the Municipality of Central Jakarta, which was Rp 146 million and Rp 81 million, was higher than other municipalities in Jakarta.
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The parliament building features a hyperbolic roof reminiscent of German rationalist and Corbusian design concepts. Built in 1996, Wisma 46 soars to a height of 262 metres and its nib-shaped top celebrates technology and symbolises stereoscopy. In the early 20th century, most buildings were built in Neo-Renaissance style. By the 1920s, the architectural taste had begun to shift in favour of rationalism and modernism, particularly art deco architecture.
Jakarta also serves as the seat of Association of Southeast Asian Nations Secretariat and is ASEAN's diplomatic capital. The Jakarta Car-Free Days are held weekly on Sunday on the main avenues of the city, Jalan Sudirman, and Jalan Thamrin, from 6 AM to 11 AM. The briefer Car-Free Day, which lasts from 6 AM to 9 AM, is held on every other Sunday. The event invites local pedestrians to do sports and exercise and have their activities on the streets that are usually full of traffic.
The Betawi language is distinct from those of the Sundanese or Javanese, forming itself as a language island in the surrounding area. It is mostly based on the East Malay dialect and enriched by loan words from Dutch, Portuguese, Sundanese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Chinese, and Arabic. As of the 2010 Census, 36.17% of the city's population were Javanese, 28.29% Betawi, 14.61% Sundanese, 6.62% Chinese, 3.42% Batak, 2.85% Minangkabau, 0.96% Malays, Indo and others 7.08%.
As of 2014, 183 water reservoirs and lakes supported the greater Jakarta area. Some of statues and monuments are nationalist, such as the West Irian Liberation Monument, the Tugu Tani, the Youth statue and the Dirgantara statue. Some statues commemorate Indonesian national heroes, such as the Diponegoro and Kartini statues in Merdeka Square. The Sudirman and Thamrin statues are located on the streets bearing their names. There is also a statue of Sukarno and Hatta at the Proclamation Monument at the entrance to Soekarno–Hatta International Airport.
The Dutch burned the British fort and forced them to retreat on their ships. The victory consolidated Dutch power, and they renamed the city Batavia in 1619. The Indonesia Database for Policy and Economic Research has sub-national data for almost 200 development indicators. The World Bank provides free and open access to a comprehensive set of data about development in countries around the globe, including Indonesia. Browse the World Bank project locations and datasets to gain insights across areas of interest including regions, countries, custom areas and more.
The Golden Triangle of Jakarta is one of the fastest evolving CBD's in the Asia-Pacific region. According to CTBUH and Emporis, there are 88 skyscrapers that reach or exceed 150 metres , which puts the city in the top 10 of world rankings. It has more buildings taller than 150 metres than any other Southeast Asian or Southern Hemisphere cities. Two private companies, PALYJA and Aetra, provide piped water in the western and eastern half of Jakarta respectively under 25-year concession contracts signed in 1998.